Common Roofing Terms You Should Know

As a homeowner, you depend on roofing contractors to be the experts on all things roofing. However, it never hurts to know a few things about roofing that can help you identify issues that occur from time to time. At Quality Roofing Solutions, we are dedicated to educating our clients to make smart decisions regarding roofing. With that in mind, below is a list of common roofing terms you should know.

Deck/Sheathing 

The surface, usually plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), to which roofing materials are applied

Dormer  

A small structure projecting from a sloped roof, usually with a window

Drip Edge/Eave Metal  

An L-shaped strip (usually metal) installed along roof edges to allow water runoff to drip clear of the deck, eaves and siding

Eave  

The horizontal lower edge of a sloped roof

Fascia 

A flat board, band or face located at a cornice’s outer edge

Felt/Underlayment 

A sheet of asphalt-saturated material (often called tar paper) used as a secondary layer of protection for the roof deck

Flashing 

Pieces of metal used to prevent the seepage of water around any intersection or projection in a roof system, such as vent pipes, chimneys, valleys and joints at vertical walls

Penetrations 

Vents, pipes, stacks, chimneys—anything that penetrates a roof deck

Rafters 

The supporting framing to which a roof deck is attached

Rake 

The inclined edge of a roof over a wall

Ridge 

The top edge of two intersecting sloping roof surfaces

Ridge Vent 

Roof component which is installed over an area of the ridge where the sheathing has been cut approximately 1.5 – 2.5 inches away from the center of the ridge to allow for proper attic ventilation

Slope 

Measured by rise in inches for each 12 inches of horizontal run: a roof with a 4-in-12 slope rises 4 inches for every foot of horizontal distance. 

Square 

The common measurement for roof area; One square is 100 square feet (10 by 10 feet)

Truss 

Engineered components that supplement rafters in many newer homes and buildings; Trusses are designed for specific applications and cannot be cut or altered.

Valley 

The angle formed at the intersection of two sloping roof surfaces 

Professional Roof Replacement in Pensacola, Florida 

Whether you have an old roof or your roof was damaged in a storm, contact Quality Roofing Solutions for a professional roof replacement. We offer a range of roofing services, including roofing repair, replacement and maintenance. Call us today at (850) 378-3757 or fill out the contact form to request a free estimate. We are your premier roofing company in Northwest Florida.